Basically: I feel like I am not yet a "true" expert in Czech Land Records, but it is okay for me to share the knowledge that I have gained through my experience with them anyway because other people will benefit from my knowledge, and I will benefit from others' knowledge. I just feel like this is an important disclaimer that will help the readers of this post to understand the source. I love to learn. I'm always learning. I have a lot left to learn about Land Records. Yet, I think what I can share with you may be useful.
What is a Czech Land Record?
According to the familysearch article about the Czech Republic Land Records in their historical collections:
The Czech name of land records has varied over time; however, the records listed in this collection are named gruntovní knihy. These books initially were kept at the landholder level, then at village level, farm level, and finally by a district administrator and his scribe. Land registers are written mostly in German, with some in Czech.
Although there are several different kinds of land records. We are going to start with Gruntovní Knihy because they are the most useful. There are other record books lumped with the "land records" that include lists of marriage contracts, lists of orphans, Urbary records, land holders, land lease titles, etc.
What is in a Land Record?
Again, from that same article:
The further your go back in the parish registers, the more difficult it is to establish identity with certainty. When you don't have a house number, and the enumerator did not write down the names of the parents on every record, or even their profession, sometimes it can be impossible to know with certainty which person is your person. But land records often have lists of heirs to the estate, which is, in a way, its own kind of census. They can establish relationships, residence, and even ages.
They are also really interesting records because they allow you to glimpse into the daily lives of your ancestors. What currency did they use? What farm implements did they have? What kinds of animals did they have? Were they overloaded with debt? Were they extensive land holders? Did others owe them money?
Basically, a land record is a hybrid cross between a probate record and a deed. It is extremely fortunate that these were kept, and that many of them survive. The best part? Most of the have indexes!